Documentary Evidence

The representation of Greenland on the Vinland Map … might represent accumulated Norse experience … supplemented by Eskimo knowledge.
Paul Fenimore Cooper, Jr., Proceedings of the Vinland Map Conference 1971, p.86

Vinland Map Thumb
The Vinland Map

The Focus of the VM

Was Vinland more of a focus for the Vikings than Markland and Helluland?
Would Viking-based “cartography” have included Vinland, Markland and Helluland?
What is shown on the VM?
How does the VM compare with the Stefansson Map (1590), based on the Viking sagas?
Can the VM, in features and detail, be based on the Viking sagas?
If not, were other sources available in 1440?

Answer these questions and then draw your conclusions.
Conclude:
The VM is...

Map North
“Map of the North”, based on information in the Viking sagas, Sigurd Stefansson ca 1590.

The Detail on the VM

Greenland was unknown. Was it so shown on the VM?
Vinland was unknown. Was it so shown on the VM?
Scandanavia was known. Was it so shown on the VM?

Answer these questions and then draw your conclusions.
Conclude:
The VM is...

The Mapping of Vinland

Is Vinland an anomaly, appearing only on the VM?
Is Vinland a vast island, with a detailed coastline?
If Vinland is America, is there a western coastline?
Does Vinland seem fictitious?

Answer these questions and then draw your conclusions.
Conclude:
The VM is...