Scandinavia Iceland Greenland Vinland <br /> <em>What is this?</em>

Sources

1). Over the past 50 years, hundreds of papers have been published on the Vinland Map. See: "The Vinland Map: a comprehensive, annotated bibliography of works in English 1965-2000, by Sandra J, Lamprecht, Pre-Columbiana 2000, 2(1), 57-84. Providentially, we can responsibly ignore all but 15 of them.

2). The Vinland Map is to be found at: http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/pubaf/pr/photos/2002/vinland.jpg

3). The single most comprehensive reference is Maps, myths and men: the story of the Vinland Map, the product of 10 years of archival research. The author is Kirsten A. Seaver, a professional historian specializing in Norse culture, ancient maps and the history of voyages of exploration in the North Atlantic. Her previous work The Frozen Echo: Greenland and the Exploration of North America ca, AD 1000-1500 provides essential background for her work on the Vinland Map. Much of the documentary and historical analysis in this web site is based on Kirsten Seaver's book. Maps, myths and men, Kirsten A. Seaver, Stanford University Press, 2004, 480 pp. ISBN: 0-8047-4962-0 (cloth); ISBN: 0-8047-4963-9 (pbk)

4). The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation, R. A. Skelton, T. E. Marston, and G. D. Painter, Yale University Press, 1965; revised edition, 1995 ISBN: 0-300-06520-5. With this publication in 1965, Yale announced to the world the existence of the Vinland Map. It reports eight years of research by each of the three authors, who voiced the view that the Map was genuine. It is one-sided: the 1995 revised edition was worse, allowing no dissenting voice. That apart, it contains much archival material - the map and other 15th century maps, the text and translation of both the Tartar Relation and the legends and captions on the Vinland Map.

5). The first dissent was voiced at a conference held at the Smithsonian Institution in November 1966. The Conference proceedings were published in 1971. Proceedings of the Vinland Map Conference, W. E. Washburn, ed., Chicago University Press, 1971. ISBN: 0-226-87394-3.

6). For the best introduction to the Vinland Map, view the NOVA program The Viking Deception, available in both VHS and DVD at ~$20 from: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/vinland/

7). The 8 key scientific papers, by Baynes-Cope, Cahill et al., Donahue et al., Clark et al., McCrone et al., and Towe, are analyzed in detail in this web site, in the section Material Evidence. Complete references are given there.